Close your eyes and listen intently in the darkened hall. From the back of the hall comes first a growling gutteral sound in an unfamiliar language. This is followed by beats on a drum and the sound of a rattle.
He is seated on the stage and continues his chanting, speaking and playing.
He is playing unfamiliar instruments and telling unfamiliar stories.
There is both precision and passion in his playing and reciting.
Tim Rayborn is a resident of Berkeley, a multi-instrumentalist, singer and performer, familiar to local audiences in both his solo performances and with his group Canconiér. His area of focus is authentic performance of music and poetry of the middle ages and before.
But how does one determine the authenticity especially as one goes further back in time and finds fewer records and accounts of how these performances sounded? In the pre-concert lecture Mr. Rayborn spoke of this project, ‘The Far Famed Ones-Music and Poetry of the Vikings’. He told the audience that there are no scores of this music and, like the languages in which the poetry was written, we have only the barest clues as to how these things must have sounded some 1000 years ago.
The clues, he explained, come from archaeology, linguistics and a few extant bare threads of oral tradition…there are pieces, an immense puzzle that some scholars say can’t or shouldn’t be solved. But Rayborn asserts that these puzzles, if not able to be completely solved, are worth time to approximate the answers.
In a very real way this music, this performance is entirely new comprised of minimal facts, educated scholarship, conjecture. No one can ever know what this body of work sounded like without travelling back in time to hear it. Failing that we have the laborious work of Rayborn and his fellow scholars attempting to piece together an approximation of this work, not unlike the re-creation of dinosaurs in Jurassic Park (albeit without the attendant dangers)…a few pieces of evidence held together with educated guesses producing something new, an opportunity to hear these reconstructions of music and ritual as it may have existed those thousand years ago.
The stories and poetry, like the music are very different from what we think of when we use those terms today. The performance of these poems integrating music were a medium of entertainment and communication in a pre-literate society. They varied greatly from one performance to the next dependent on the performers choices. Even the musical instruments varied in style and construction.
In a sense, all performance is an approximation. Any musical score or performance text require interpretation and vary from one performance to the next dependent on the artists’ choices. But choices are more limited in work whose performance practices and directions for performance are more completely communicated and understood.
With this work Tim Rayborn reaches further back than almost anyone has into the darkness of the dark ages to attempt to illuminate some portion of these traditions that would later evolve into poetry, prose and musical compositions. The Viking Age lasted from the 790s to the Norman Conquest of 1066. And while history knows this era for its battles and plunders it was not devoid of culture.
Rayborn is an affable, genial man who is first a serious scholar and a performer second. He speaks with great precision leaving as little ambiguity as possible as one finds with serious academics. His joy and enthusiasm, love for this work combine with that scholarship to make his performances a riveting experience.
He described this performance (January 27th, 2013) at the little church hall in Albany as a ‘work-in-progress’ evolving over time, being tweaked with each new performance to reflect the scholarship and the instincts of the experienced performer. Rayborn is part scholar, part musician and part actor. He is as serious, precise and joyous in each of these endeavors.
Following the opening comments there was a brief intermission which led into the performance without interruption (as the performer requested) of all the pieces on the program.
What followed was an integrated program of performance, poetry, song and music making of perhaps one hour’s duration. There was drama and humor in this entertaining mix. The audience sat respectful and engaged to the end when Rayborn stepped out of character to acknowledge the conclusion. And the far-famed ones came just a little bit closer.
The audience stood applauding loudly this ‘new’ old music dredged from the darkness of the ages like relics recovered from a peat bog, and restored as best as anyone can to most closely resemble what they originally were. What was once thought lost to time has now been restored.