Born in Coatsville, PA August 17, 1928 Thomas Jefferson Anderson, Jr. is an American composer, conductor and teacher. He earned a B.A. in music from West Virginia State College in 1950 and an M. Ed. in music education from Pennsylvania State University in 1951. He studied at the esteemed Cincinnati Conservatory of Music in 1954 and earned a Ph. D. in music from the University of Iowa in 1958. He subsequently also studied with Darius Milhaud at the Aspen School of Music in 1964.
I first encountered his name in the American Music series (Volume V) which came out on Nonesuch records. His work, Variations on a Theme by M. B. Tolson (1969) was paired with works by Anderson’s contemporaries Milton Babbitt and Richard Wernick. I later encountered his Squares (1965) for orchestra on volume 8 of the wonderful Black Composers series (released 1975 on Columbia Records) curated by the late great Paul Freeman. The same disc contained works by Olly Woodrow Wilson and Talib Rasul Hakim. (That entire 9 volume set remains available on vinyl in a nice box set through the College Music Society and distributed by Amazon for only $55.00)
Anderson was awarded an appointment as composer in residence with the Atlanta Symphony beginning in 1968 and ending in 1972. This coincided with the beginning of Robert Shaw’s tenure as conductor. Shaw’s affinity for contemporary music (including black composers like Anderson and Alvin Singleton). Anderson prepared a performing version of Scott Joplin’s only extant opera Treemonisha resulting in the first full staging of that 1911 work (premiered by Shaw with the Atlanta Symphony and broadcast via NPR) during this time and premiered several of his own works with the orchestra along with his educational and outreach duties.
His teaching appointments have included Langston University in Oklahoma, Tennessee State University, Morehouse College, Tufts University, the University of Minnesota, California State University, Northwestern University, the University of Michigan, and Ohio State University. He is as of 2005 a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and is the recipient of a long list of honors. Dr. Anderson is the author of numerous academic publications and is the past chairman (1972-76) of the Black Music Caucus which is now known as the National Association for the Study and Performance of African/American Music (NASPAM).
Sadly his discography is rather limited (discogs lists only five) but there is a wonderful set of download links on the composer’s web site where you can download complete recordings of no fewer than 37 of his works as of the time of this writing. Trust me this is a cornucopia with recordings from about 1974 to as recently as 2006. Here’s hoping that his large catalog of compositions can get the attention they deserve in the near future. His works include solo, chamber, orchestral, concerto, choral, art song, opera and other arrangements and orchestrations.
Dr. Anderson lives in Chapel Hill, NC with his family (his son Thomas Jefferson Anderson, III is a poet and professor at Hollins University in Virginia). He will be turning 90 at the end of this summer.